Diversification involves spreading your money across different types of investments with different risks to reduce your overall risk. However, it will not lessen all types of risk. Diversification is an essential part of investing. Investors should only invest a proportion of their available investment funds via Crowdcube and should balance this with safer, more liquid investments.
Investing in shares (also known as equity) on Crowdcube does not involve a regular return on your investment, unlike mini-bonds which offer interest paid regularly.
Investing in a fund may help to diversify your investments and to spread the risk but general risks while investing in equity continue to apply. Further specific risks are set out on the applicable fund pitch page.
Please bear in mind the following particular risks for equity and fund investments:
The majority of start-up businesses fail or do not scale as planned and therefore investing in these businesses may involve significant risk. It is likely that you may lose all, or part, of your investment. You should only invest an amount that you are willing to lose and should build a diversified portfolio to spread risk and increase the chance of an overall return on your investment capital. If a business you invest in fails, neither the company – nor Crowdcube – will pay you back your investment.
Tax relief may also be lost due to your personal circumstances or due to the activities of a company.
Liquidity is the ease with which you can sell your shares after you have purchased them. Buying shares in businesses pitching through Crowdcube cannot be sold easily and they are unlikely to be listed on a secondary trading market, such as AIM, Plus or the London Stock Exchange. Even successful companies rarely list shares on such an exchange. In addition, if you purchase B Investment Shares, these are non-voting shares and may not be attractive to potential buyers.
Dividends are payments made by a business to its shareholders from the company’s profits. Most of the companies pitching for equity on the Crowdcube website are start-ups or early-stage companies, and these companies will rarely pay dividends to their investors. This means that you are unlikely to see a return on your investment until you are able to sell your shares. Profits are typically re-invested into the business to fuel growth and build shareholder value. Businesses have no obligation to pay shareholder dividends.
Any investment in shares made through Crowdcube may be subject to dilution in the future. Dilution occurs when a company issues more shares. Dilution affects every existing shareholder who does not buy any of the new shares being issued. As a result, an existing shareholder's proportionate shareholding of the company is reduced, or ‘diluted’-this has an effect on a number of things, including voting, dividends and value.
Some businesses who pitch for equity investment through Crowdcube offer A-Ordinary Shares, which may include pre-emption rights that protect an investor from dilution. In this situation, the business must give shareholders with A-Ordinary Shares the opportunity to buy additional shares during a subsequent fundraising round so that they can maintain or preserve their shareholding. Please check a pitch, and the Articles of the company to see if the shares you are buying will have these pre-emption rights. Most companies do not offer pre-emption rights for B Investment Shares.
A convertible is an investment for equity in a company where shares will be issued at a future date. Usually, the shares will be issued when the company completes a larger round of investment. A convertible allows a company to raise equity finance without setting a valuation - the valuation will be set by the subsequent investment round or at an agreed valuation on a longstop date.
It is important to remember that investing in a convertible is the same level of risk as investing directly for equity in a start-up company and your capital remains at risk.
It is also important to remember that the terms of convertibles can vary from deal to deal and it is important that you read the summary of terms and the convertible document provided to you by Crowdcube.
Issuers, like all businesses, are vulnerable to financial difficultly and investing in mini-bonds may involve significant risk of default. In the event of an Issuer being unable or unwilling to meet payments of interest and capital, it is likely that you may lose all, or part, of your initial investment and receive no outstanding or future interest payments.
If a business you invest in fails, neither the company you invest in – nor Crowdcube – will pay you back your investment. You should only invest an amount that you are willing to lose and should build a diversified portfolio to spread risk.
Investing in start-ups and early stage businesses involves risks, including illiquidity, lack of dividends, loss of investment and dilution, and it should be done only as part of a diversified portfolio. Crowdcube is targeted exclusively at investors who are sufficiently sophisticated to understand these risks and make their own investment decisions. You will only be able to invest via Crowdcube once you are registered as sufficiently sophisticated. Please click here to read the full Risk Warning.
Crowdcube Europe SL is authorised and regulated by the Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores (CNMV). This page has been approved by Crowdcube Europe SL. Investment Opportunities are not offers to the public and investments can only be made by members of crowdcube.com on the basis of information provided in the pitches by the companies concerned. Further restrictions and Crowdcube's limitation of liability are set out in the Investor Terms and Conditions.
Investment opportunities on Crowdcube.eu are only available to EU investors and non-EU investors should visit Crowdcube.com for services provided by Crowdcube Capital Limited. Further restrictions and Crowdcube's limitation of liability are set out in the Investor Terms and Conditions. Please seek independent advice as required as Crowdcube does not give investment or tax advice.